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How do Septic Systems Work?

A septic system is buried underground and used as an onsite waste treatment system. Basically, household waste from the toilet, washer, dishwasher, sinks etc. end up in the tank where it is broken down.

A Septic Relies on Gravity to Work

A septic system relies on gravity to work. Gravity helps waste flow from the house, through the pipes and into the septic system. Once in the system, waste or effluent, relies on gravity once again.

Heavier waste settles at the bottom of the tank while lighter liquids float near the top. Bacteria in a healthy septic system helps to break down solids while the liquids use gravity to flow out of the system and into the leach field.

What is a Leach Field?

The leach field is typically made up of absorbent soils or crushed rock. There, waste is absorbed into the leach field making room in the tank for more household waste. To keep the septic working properly, it’s important to maintain it.

Tips for Maintaining a Septic System

Related Articles

Septic Systems: A Homeowner’s Guide

Image: Wikimedia Commons

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Need some professional pipe installation in the Androscoggin county area? Beaulieu Industries, a Lewiston, Maine based general contractor, can meet your pipe installation needs.

Typically, when we install piping it’s part of a larger project such as installing septic systems or fixing drainage issues on the property. We specialize in the installation of the following:

  • Water Lines
  • Sewer Lines
  • Under Drainage

For a complete list of the services Beaulieu Industries offers, check out our About Us page. Contact us today for more information, with questions and for a free on site evaluation and estimate of your general contracting needs.

About Beaulieu Industries of Maine
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Beaulieu Industries Topsoil Price List 2012

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Though a foundation typically isn’t seen, it shouldn’t be forgotten. Foundations are extremely important during and after the construction of new buildings. The foundation transfers the weight of the roof, walls and floors to the ground below. It is “the lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level.” (Google)

Types of Building Foundations (Common in U.S.)

  • Crawlspace: Common in areas with heavy clay content in the soil. Offers little room between the soil and first floor.
  • Full-Height Basement: Common in cold climates. Offers more head room between the soil and the first floor.
  • Slab on Grade: Common in areas with a high water table. No room between soil and first floor. A concrete slab is poured on top of the grade.

Here in Maine, we experience frost and freezing and thawing temperatures. Foundations in our area need to be below the frost line to prevent damage as frost comes out of the ground.

Also, all foundations must be built to code. This means following the requirements and codes set by the city/town where the work is to be performed.

Benefits of Sound Foundation Design

Sound foundation design and installation are critical because it saves homeowners thousands of dollars in repairs in the future by avoiding serious structural problems.

Other benefits include:

  • Energy Savings (Insulated – reduced utility bills)
  • Water/Moisture Control
  • Termite Control
  • Radon Control (In areas where this is a concern)
  • Prevent Structural Damage (Related to faulty foundation)
  • Creation of Useable Space

Overview of Foundation Design

Several aspects go into the design of a foundation, some of which are left to the discretion of the homeowner.

  • Choose Foundation Type (Listed Above)
  • Use of Basement (Heated or Cooled)
  • Select Construction System (Concrete/Masonry/Wood)
  • Insulation Placement/Amount
  • Finalize Construction Details
  • Finalize Plans/Documents

Foundation Work in Central Maine

Contact Beaulieu Industries of Lewiston for a free on-site assessment and estimate of foundation work in central Maine. With 40+ years of experience in the construction industry, we’ll get the job done right and up to code at a fair cost.

About Beaulieu Industries

Beaulieu Industries Topsoil List 2012

Image: ClawzCTR, on Flickr

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